The bathroom is the wettest room in the house. With steamy showers, running sinks, and toilets, moisture in the bathroom air can quickly add up. This creates the ideal environment for mold, mildew, and other side effects of improper ventilation.
Having a bathroom in the basement can be a great idea. Especially if you’ve transformed your basement into a living area or family hangout zone. But proper venting is a must.
Today, we’re covering the basics of basement bathroom ventilation. We tackle everything from whether a window counts as a sufficient venting system, to the most popular bathroom vent systems available.
Yes. Finished basement bathrooms must always be fitted with proper ventilation. This is in accordance with legal building codes. A professional contractor will have a plan for building out the venting system in line with these codes.
Bathrooms are wet environments. With every hot shower you take, condensation will form on your walls and windows. Not to mention the evaporation from your toilet, or a slightly leaking tap.
Bathroom vents play a crucial role in drawing excess moisture out of the closed environment. They also help to eliminate odors and keep humidity levels low.
If proper ventilation is not installed, it’ll be a matter of weeks before you start seeing mold creep up along walls and in the floor joist cavities.
While windows are a great way to maintain airflow through your basement bathroom, they are actually just the minimum requirement. Most municipalities state that bathroom venting should be done through the combination of an operable window and an exhaust fan.
Mold growing on the walls, ceiling, and tiles is the most common indicator of excess moisture in the bathroom.
If you enter your bathroom and immediately find it hard to breathe, it’s a sure sign of poor air circulation.
Stains on the bathroom walls and ceilings can be another sign of excess moisture. They not only ruin the aesthetic of the space but can get expensive to remove or cover-up.
If the smell stays around for more than a minute or two after someone uses the toilet, it’s another sign that you need to upgrade your ventilation system. Improper venting can leave bathrooms stinking for 30 minutes or even longer (phew!).
Mold is an extremely dangerous type of fungus that can cause severe allergic reactions and respiratory illnesses. That’s why we’re so adamant about ensuring that your bathrooms are properly ventilated.
Now that we’ve covered why having adequate ventilation is essential to a basement bathroom, let’s take a look at five different options for maintaining airflow in your bathroom.
While this may not be the most effective form of ventilation, it’s still a great way to boost airflow in your bathroom.
Ductless bathroom fans use charcoal filtering systems, making them great for odor removal. However, they are not the best more removing moister from the air.
The good news about this method is that it really does not require must installation. All you have to do is plug the fan in.
If your bathroom has anything more than a toilet and sink combination, we don’t recommend relying only on a bathroom fan to ventilate the space.
Adding a window is the most obvious way to boost ventilation in your bathroom. Oftentimes, basement windows are already smaller and sit higher up on the wall, making converting them to an air vent even easier.
If you live in a warmer climate, keeping the window open all day long might already do the trick.
Likely the most effective way of maintaining airflow in a bathroom with no outside access is with a ceiling vent.
This machine is fitted to the ceiling of your bathroom, allowing moist air to escape as it rises upwards. Think of it like an open window, only a little more discrete.
The combination of a ceiling vent plus a light fixture is becoming increasingly common. We recommend getting your vent professionally installed, so you can discuss these kinds of options.
If your basement bathroom does not have an exterior wall, roof venting becomes impossible. Luckily, bathrooms without outside access can make use of floor duct vents to remove moisture and unpleasant smells from the room.
The floor duct vent works by creating an opening in the floor grates to draw air out. They generally work pretty well, though some contractors will recommend pairing them with an additional venting solution
This is similar to ceiling ventilation. Instead of using a ductwork system, you’ll have to create a hole in the floor joist cavity to create space for airflow. The only issue with this method is that it can get tricky without professional help.
Floor joists are often cramped, and will likely have pipes, plumbing, and wiring running through them. Working with a reliable contractor will probably be the best option if you choose this method.
The size of your bath fan influences how much air moves in and out of the space. This is measured in cubic feet per minute and refers to the amount of air the fan can move out of the room in 60 seconds.
Your exhaust fan should have a capacity of one cubic foot per minute for every square foot of your bathroom. That means if your bathroom is 35 square feet, it should be fitted with an exhaust fan with a performance of 35CFM.
If the bathroom is regularly used, especially by multiple people, we recommend choosing a bath fan that has slightly higher performance than the area’s square feet.
It’s best to have a contractor install your bathroom vent fan. This will ensure high-quality results, and a clean and dry bathroom for years to come.
While this last tip does not require any installation or serious ductwork, it contributes greatly to keeping your space hygienic and helps the work of ductless fans and other ventilation solutions.
Any puddles of water, perhaps in your shower or around your toilets, should be wiped up immediately. Otherwise, they will slow down the work of your fans and venting systems, and can even contribute to mold growth. Not to mention that puddles pose the danger of the next person slipping when they try to use the restroom.
Building codes state that bathrooms must be fitted with at least one form of air vent. Windows can serve as vents, but they must not be the only vent in the room. Some contractors might not follow these codes, but we believe they are put in place for a reason and should be adhered to make the most of your living space.
Yes. Having a bathroom in your basement is a great way to boost the value of your home. Having even just a toilet and sink combo goes a long way, but a full basement bathroom can increase the resale value of your home by $30,000 to $50,000.
We always recommend working with a professional contractor, if you’re looking to achieve the best results possible. They will be able to guide you along with building codes and build out plans that best suit your living space. That being said, it is possible to install basic infrastructures yourself, especially if you have the necessary skills.
Even if you just have a basement toilet and sink, it is still important to have proper air vents installed. These will help get rid of bathroom odors and moisture in the air. Venting becomes even more important when your bathroom has a shower or bathtub.
Knowing how to properly vent your basement bathroom is essential to maintaining the hygiene and general aesthetic of your bathroom. We highly recommend getting the job done by a contractor your trust, as they will be able to properly follow building codes and give you the best results possible.
If you’re looking to get your bathroom remodeled, reach out to our team at WA Construct today. We specialize in luxury home design and building around New Jersey. Our team would love to help you build the home of your dreams.